Countries offering citizenship

Countries offering citizenship

When it comes to citizenship by investment there are several options around the world. Each program offers its advantages and disadvantages the investors can choose. With economic citizenships on the rise, the introduction of residency by investment programs has begun to gain popularity among investors.


The Golden Visa program in Portugal launched in 2012 is one of Europe’s most successful residency by investment schemes. Anyone may apply for the program with a qualifying investment in Portugal if the applicant is not a European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA), or Swiss resident.

Some of the qualifying investments for Portugal citizenship are:

  • A minimum investment of EUR 500,000 in a property situated in Portugal A minimum investment of EUR 350,000 (EUR 280,000 if the property is in a relatively low populated area) in a property that is at least 30 years old and would be released back into society
  • EUR 1,000,000 capital transfer to Portugal
  • The creation of at least ten full-time employment positions in a Portuguese firm
  • EUR 500,000 investment in science or technical research-based in Portugal
  • EUR 500,000 minimum contribution to national history, arts, or culture

The benefits of a Portugal Citizenship by Investment program are:

  • Easy to follow procedures
  • The right and freedom to live and work in Portugal
  • Travel visa-free within the Schengen Area
  • Gateway to European citizenship
  • Family reunification permits family members to be part of the program
  • Residents are only required to visit the country at least once every year
  • An investment opportunity in a high-potential EU nation

It takes six months for investors to gain a Portugal Golden Visa.


Spain introduced its Residency program in 2013. This destination is rich in culture, authentic cuisines, sunny beaches, and a very flexible lifestyle make Spain the most sought-after destination to stay.

Aside from EU, EEA, and Swiss nationals, anyone can apply for a Spanish Golden Visa by making a suitable investment.

Some necessary investments for include:

EUR 500,000 minimum investment in Spanish real estate EUR 1,000,000 minimum investment in a Spanish firm

The benefits of this program include:

  • Easy to follow procedures and quick processing time
  • The right and freedom to live and work in Spain
  • Travel visa-free within the Schengen Area
  • Allows family member to be a part of the program
  • Can acquire citizenship without staying in the country
  • The renewal of a residency permit in Spain does not require residency
  • Residents are only required to visit the country at least once every year
  • The Spanish Golden Visa application process usually takes between one to two months


Greece Golden Visa program was launched in July 2013, accepting a five-year residency visa through investment in the country.

An individual above the age of 18 who is not a member of the European Union (EU) and has a clear criminal record is permitted to apply for a citizenship program.

The Greece residency scheme is open to investors who make a minimum investment of EUR 250,000 in Greek real estate

The benefits of the Greece Golden Visa program include:

  • Easy to follow procedures and quick processing time
  • The right and freedom to live in Greece
  • Travel visa-free within the Schengen Area
  • Greece’s public health and education systems are accessible
  • Family members are permitted to be included in the program, including spouses, infants, parents, and spouse’s parents
  • Applicants do not require to stay in the country to acquire the citizenship

If the property investment is maintained, a five-year residency visa is issued and extended after five years. The investor can receive Greece citizenship after seven years of residence in the region. The Greece Golden Visa application requires two to three months to process.


Citizenship by Investment in Malta has a high-net-worth individual-focused program. The Malta Individual Investor Programme (MIIP) requires a minimum investment of EUR 750,000 to the government’s national development fund.

Additional to government-approved financial instruments, the investor can spend EUR 150,000 and make a five-year commitment to buy or rent a property in Malta.

A minimum property investment of EUR 350,000 is necessary for a purchased real estate.

The investor may qualify for Malta citizenship and a European passport after one year of residence. A Maltese resident has the freedom to travel, study, and work anywhere in the European Union (EU).

St Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis citizenship by investment scheme launched in 1984 is the world’s first citizenship by investment program. Investors must donate a minimum of USD 150,000 to the Sustainable Growth Fund (SGF) to be eligible for the scheme.

Alternatively, an investor can make a real estate investment starting at USD 200,000 to acquire a St Kitts passport. The process of becoming a St Kitts citizen usually takes three to six months.

Antigua & Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment scheme offer investors an economic passport that includes a few opportunities such as:

  • Investors have the option to donate USD 100,000 to the Antigua National Development Fund
  • Investors can invest USD 1,500,000 into starting a company
  • Investors can also invest USD 400,000 into a government-approved real estate project.

Antigua and Barbuda passport allow visa-free travel to more than 154 countries, including the Schengen region. Besides, this country only allows five days of residency per year. It takes four to six months for investors to receive an Antigua and Barbuda passport and citizenship.


There are two ways to achieve Dominica citizenship: first, the investor to financially contribute (donate) to the country through the government’s investor visa scheme. The second choice is to invest in real estate. These options have been valid since January 2015.

Dominican passport is one of the most affordable passports globally, acquired with a minimum investment of USD 100,000.

Dominican passport can be issued approximately three months after the documents are submitted.

It was not easy to acquire Dominican citizenship without first living in the country until 1993. Dominica citizenship by investment scheme evolved to become not just the cheapest but one of the most versatile citizenships globally. That resulted in the Dominican government revising its law. Dominican passport holders have visa-free travel rights to more than 140 countries, including the United Kingdom and the Schengen region.


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